Heat Waves Tied to Higher Rates of Early-Term Deliveries: Canadian study found odds of birth at 37-38 weeks rose during 90-degree spells
Pregnant women may face increased risk for early-term delivery during heat waves, according to a large new study from Canada. Researchers analyzed data from 300,000 births in Montreal between 1981 and 2010, and also looked at summer temperatures that occurred during those years.
The Importance of Healthy Pregnancy Weight: Obesity in pregnant women linked to higher odds of infant death
A recent study found that the risk of infant death among obese pregnant women was higher than the risk for children of normal weight women. The study's findings do not mean that obesity causes the higher risk in children. It could be that other health conditions related to obesity also present risks to the mother's child.
Infant simulator mimics neonatal emergencies
Staff from local hospitals using a newborn simulator mannequin to help them anticipate and respond to emergency situations. The mannequin, known as Newborn HAL, mimics a full-term baby at birth. The interactive simulator looks and sounds like the real thing, from the way it cries, its heart beats and even the way its skin coloring changes.
Probiotics can help premature infants, research shows
The results of a recent clinical trial, published in JAMA Pediatrics, also found L. reuteri to be effective, but in that study the probiotic was used as a preventive measure. Specifically, the authors examined whether daily use of L. reuteri during the first three months of life would reduce the onset of colic, constipation, and gastroesophageal reflux in term newborn infants.
Cuddlers Soothe Babies Too Sick, Tiny To Go Home
Strangers offer a simple yet powerful service for newborns too tiny or sick to go home. When nurses are swamped with other patients and parents cannot make it to the hospital, grandmas, empty-nesters, college students, and other volunteers step in. Scientific evidence on benefits of cuddling programs is scarce, but the benefits of human touch are well-known.
Spotting Cause of Newborn Brain Injury Could Aid Prevention, Report Says: Some cases of neonatal encephalopathy may be preventable
Identifying the cause of brain injury among newborns could help doctors develop new prevention strategies, according to a joint report from two leading groups of U.S. obstetricians and pediatricians.
Hypothermia in Preemies Reduced With Quality Care Initiative
A multifaceted approach kept newborn premature infants in the desired temperature range and reduced complications including intubation, according to a recent study published online March 31 in Pediatrics.
Circumcision rates declining in U.S., study says
Circumcision for male infants is becoming less common in the U.S., according to new data published in Mayo Clinic Proceedings. The paper also finds that over their lifetime, half of all uncircumcised males will contract a medical condition related to their foreskin.
Smoking bans cut premature births and child asthma attacks
Banning smoking in public places has helped to cut premature births by 10 percent, according to new research from the United States and Europe. A study in The Lancet medical journal found that while the impact of anti-smoking laws varies between countries, the overall effect on child health around the world is positive.
Big babies at risk of cardiovascular disease
Babies who have a high birth weight have an increased risk of developing cardiovascular disease in adulthood, a new study has found. Researchers from Australia's University of Sydney said about 10% of newborns are considered to have a high birth weight.
Birthweight link to maths problems
Children who are born prematurely are more likely to have problems with maths, according to research. A new study, by researchers at Warwick University and Ruhr-University Bochum, in Germany, has found that youngsters who are born before 32 weeks gestation are three and a half times more likely to have difficulties with the subject later on than those who were born at full term. Those who were born at around 32 to 33 weeks were around twice as likely to have problems with everyday maths, it suggests.